Valley History History of the Fingal Valley Towns of the Valley Industry of the Valley Sport in History Membership page History Newsletter Transport in History Photos through History


Manganna's Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Built in 1912


Past and present residents at the Back to Mangana Day held in November 2008
(Photos by Barry Aulich)



Mangana Hotel 1884



“Tullochgoram” was the name James Grant gave to the huge piece of land granted to him by the Van Diemens land Colonial Government in the early 1820s. The grant stretched from one side of the Valley to the other and east along the river as far as “Malahide”, William Talbot’s grant.
North of the river another small valley appeared to push the huge mountains aside to form a place of beauty. It was rich in pasture and had an abundance of crystal clear water in two creeks that ambled down from the mountains with a never ending flow supplied from winter snow and spring rains.
It was an ideal place for Grant to run one of his herds of sheep and a hut was soon built to house a shepherd to protect the herd from predators. The Nook, as it became known, was a lonely, quiet outpost in those days, with its only inhabitants being a few Aborigines and a convict shepherd.
In 1847 Keeling Richardson, a convict who had been transported to Norfolk Island in 1844, was sent to Van Diemens Land and assigned to Grant, who immediately sent him, with a herd of sheep to the Nook. Richardson, it seems, was a fossicker and in 1852 found a piece of alluvial gold in the creek near his hut. It would appear Richardson was rather excited over his prize find and it wasn’t long before the headlines in the Launceston newspapers carried the story of his good fortune.
Within weeks The Nook was teaming with fortune hunters driven by the desire to find their pot of gold. The quiet little outpost soon became a campsite for hundreds of prospectors who went about digging shafts and panning the creeks in what was to be the first gold rush in Australia.
Soon the tents and rough huts were replaced by more stable buildings and a town was established, which was given the name Mangana, taken from the words “Mangana Lienta”. These were the words the Aborigines used to describe the South Esk River.
Whilst the Mangana gold fields never reached the heights of the Mathinna fields, twenty kilometres to the north, it was quite productive with a number of mines such as the Golden Sovereign, Entrance, Argyle, Alpine, Fingal Gully, Majors Gully and Mangana Gold all making a nice profit. But by 1930 all mines had run out of gold and closed, all that remained were a few individuals panning the creeks.
Mangana slowly declined after 1930 and what was once a vibrant community with over 500 people, a police station, general store, Three hotels, school and two churches, is today a small tranquil village with a mere 30 odd residents.
The most significant remaining building is the Our lady of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church, which was built in 1912 and designed by Launceston architect Alexander North. The 95 year old building is on the Tasmanian heritage register with one of its highlights being the stain glass windows, all of which were donated by Mangana families. Its interior is also of interest due to the use of Tasmanian native timbers, both in the structure and its furnishings.
Arguable the principal event in the town since its golden days was in 1988 when the main street was used as a set for the Tasmanian made feature film "The Tale of Ruby Rose". Hundreds of cast and crew, led by director Roger Scholes, converged on the little village for a short time and went about creating a film that told the story of a young woman living in the isolated wilderness of Tasmania’s highlands. It told how she overcome a chronic phobic fear of darkness by taking a harrowing journey out of the mountains to seek help from her long lost grandmother.
In the early 1990s a mining company using modern equipment reworked the old Major Gully mine, but the operation soon folded. Despite this, the old hands from around the area still maintain there is gold in them there hills. They tell tales of blokes like the Parker and Smith brothers who knew the right spots in the creeks to pan for “colour” and would regularly travel into Fingal and pass a pill bottle filled with small pieces of gold over the counter at Holder Brothers store where it could be turned into cash.
What lies ahead for the rustic little village set in the shadows of Tower Hill and Ben Lomond is unclear. Modern technology and the high price of gold could see a resurge of mining in the area sometime in the future, but as one old resident said in a recent ABC interview: “Mangana is better left as it is, quiet and gentle.”

Jim Haas




Towns of the Valley






St Marys 1903





You are welcome to view our display of artefacts and photos at the the Cranks & Tinkerers Museum in Main St, St Marys.



St Marys 1903 By David Clement is now online